Inbound capital to the US in the first half of 2019 totalled $17 billion, according to CBRE data, a decrease of 48% from H1 2018. About half of this decline was due to less M&A activity after record levels in 2018. Cross-border investment volume of individual assets and portfolios (excluding entity-level) was down by 26% relative to H1 2018.
US outflows to foreign regions also decreased in H1 2019, falling 18% year-over-year to $18.6 billion. Given the less-pronounced pullback in outbound capital, overseas outflows by US investors outpaced US inflows from foreign investors, reversing the trend of the past four years, CBRE notes.
Richard Barkham, Global Chief Economist & Head of Americas Research at CBRE, explains:
“Inbound volume from APAC dropped most notably—particularly from China and Singapore, which had been among the top-five capital sources in recent years—and the region’s share of total capital inflows to the US shrank to 18% from 32% in H1 2018. Meanwhile, regional share for the Middle East increased nearly fivefold to 24% from less than 5%.
“In contrast to the large regional share shifts in inbound capital, US capital was deployed to foreign regions at roughly the same proportions as in H1 2018. Despite heightened uncertainty about Brexit, US-originated investment increased significantly in the UK, which has been the top foreign destination of US capital for the past 10 years.
“In Sweden and Italy, triple-digit growth rates moved both countries into the top five for US capital in H1 2019. Nevertheless, this was not enough to fully offset pullbacks to other major European destination countries, and outflows to the region were down by 16% from H1 2018.”